Abstract- The article examines the effect of endophytic fungi on wheat germination. It was observed that when the seeds of Trichoderma viride and Fusarium oxusporum mixed with the soil at the roots, seed germination and vegetation of the plants ceased. The study found that the fungus Trichoderma viride was effective against soil pathogens and that high yields could be obtained from crops if this fungus was used as a fertilizer against soil pathogens.
2. Effect of Chemical Weed Control on Soil Bio-Chemical Indices- A Review
Abstract- The assessment and monitoring of soil life and soil health can be used to develop more sustainable and productive farming systems. Hence, the consequence of herbicide application on soil health is always a concern for the research community. In view of this, the findings available from India in respect to the impact of herbicides on the non-target organisms and important soil bio-chemical processes are reviewed in this paper. There is great variation among the reports showing short term transient depressing to non-inhibitory or even stimulatory effects of herbicides on total soil microbial count and different soil bio-chemical indices. The impact differed depending upon the soil type, experimental conditions, herbicide in question and its dose, and the sensitivity of the non-target species or strains. No severe ill effect on soil flora, soil bio-chemical indices and soil fauna has been observed so far at recommended dose of herbicide under field conditions. However, the available information is based on the short term experiments and there is need to develop data base on long-term field application basis. The paper concludes with some suggested areas for future research requiring urgent attention.
3. Drip Irrigation System: A Water and Nutrient Conservation Approach to Sustainable Crop Production
Authors: C S Bohra, Deepti Bisht Bohra, Salil K. Tewari
Abstract- Drip irrigation system is a most efficient and modern technique of irrigation, this method is used in those area where there is a scarcity of water, In this technique generally water and nutrient are allowed to deliver directly to the root zone by controlling the pressurised water through valves of the P.V.C (polyvinyl chloride) drip pipes in such a way that it systematically irrigate the whole field drop by drop directly to the root zone, and saves water up-to 70% as compare to flood irrigation method.
4. Assessment of Pressurized Irrigation Systems in Hürkuş Public Park at Pursaklar Province of Ankara, Türkiye
Abstract- In current study, pressurized irrigation systems using for irrigation of landscape plants in Hürkuş park within Pursaklar district of Ankara were researched. In the study technical characteristics of irrigation systems such as in sprinkler systems sprinkler types, sprinkler arrangement, and discharge, and in drip irrigation system, diameters and lengths of main, sub-main and lateral lines, emitter spacing, and emitter discharges were analyzed. In addition, in both irrigation systems, irrigation numbers and irrigation time consequently seasonal applied water were calculated. In result, seasonal applied water by sprinkler and drip irrigation systems were found as around 1382 mm and 1540 mm, respectively. The applied water was mostly relevant to the atmospheric conditions during plant growing cycles as well as plant characteristics.
5. Genotype-Environment Interaction Studies Over Seasons for Kernel Yield in Maize (Zea mays L.)